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The Wicked Witch of the West is a character and the main antagonist in the fictional land Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In the book the Wicked Witch poses the biggest threat to Dorothy Gale, because she covets the magical silver shoes which previously belonged to the Wicked Witch of the East and are now worn by Dorothy. The Witch has often been used by editorial cartoonists to represent an evil force; for more details see Political interpretations of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. In Baum's subsequent Oz books, it is the Nome King who is the principal villain; the Wicked Witch of the West is killed in the first book, and is rarely referred to again. Despite this, she makes frequent appearances in recent works based on Oz, and accordingly has been re-imagined and expanded upon a number of times.
The character also figures prominently in the classic 1939 movie based on Baum's book. In that film adaptation, as in Gregory Maguire's revisionist Oz novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and its musical adaptation Wicked, the Witch of the West is the sister of the Wicked Witch of the East, although...