The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, twin-engine, medium- to long-range commercial passenger jet airliner. Developed by European consortium Airbus Industrie, the A330 is manufactured at Toulouse, France. The Airbus A330 can accommodate up to 335 passengers in a two-class layout, or carry 70 tonnes (150,000 lb) of cargo, with a range from 4,000 to 7,250 nautical miles (7,400 to 13,430 km), depending on model.
Airbus began by studying derivatives of its A300 in the 1970s before moving to larger designs and then launching the new A330 and A340 models in June 1987. The A330 was developed alongside the four-engine Airbus A340, with which it shares a common fuselage and wing components. It incorporates fly-by-wire technology originally introduced by Airbus on its A320. Airbus also decided that the A330 and A340 would adopt a common cockpit of the A320. The aircraft is the first Airbus airliner to offer a choice of three engine types: CF6-80E1, Pratt & Whitney PW4000 and Rolls-Royce Trent 700, although the -200F can be powered by either the two latter engines. First flown on 2 November 1992, the A330-300 variant was the first of two passenger models to enter commercial service...